Anxiety is one of the most common mental disorders as it is estimated that it affects more than 10 in every 100 people. There are many different types and subgroups of anxiety. At the same time panic attacks and phobias are usually grouped with anxiety disorders. Panic attack is a sudden surge of intense anxiety during which the person feels that he is going to die or lose control. There is usually no specific trigger to panic attacks. Phobia is the intense fear (anxiety) of a certain situation or specific object. This exaggerated fear can interfere with the person’s day-to-day life.
Symptoms of anxiety can be divided into physical (body) symptoms and psychological (mind) symptoms. Nevertheless, they are both interlinked and they almost always present together. Physical symptoms of anxiety include headache, blurred vision, dizziness, dry mouth, tinnitus, heavy breathing, racing heartbeats, sweating, indigestion, diarrhea, shaking, muscle tension and pains. While psychological symptoms of anxiety include worrying all the time, feeling on edge, irritability, sleep problems, poor concentration and apprehension.
Treatment of anxiety disorders consist of two arms; talking therapies and medication. Best results and better durability of the treatment is achieved when both types of therapies are combined together. The choice of treatment depends on the type of anxiety, severity of the condition and patient preference.
Dr Abdelghani is one of two consultant psychiatrists running the Complex Depression, Anxiety and Trauma service (CDAT) in the NHS trust where he works. He has extensive experience in the diagnosis and the management of different anxiety disorders using psychopharmacology (medication) and in working with clinicians from other disciplines, such as psychologist, in designing a patient centred treatment program for addressing the individual needs of each patient. His expertise in the management of other mental disorders, such as depression and ADHD, that usually co-occur with anxiety disorders enables him to differentiate between different causes of anxiety and achieve excellent results in the treatment of his patients. During his career Dr Abdelghani worked in teams that manage people who suffer from anxiety disorders in different clinical settings such as outpatient, inpatient, inner city London and rural areas.